How to make quality backpacker coffee

You may have a great coffee maker sitting on your kitchen counter, but making a good cup of joe in the backcountry is a whole different adventure. Things like size and weight are factors you may have never thought about, but are huge factors if you want a cup of coffee in the wilderness. The two most common ways to make coffee in the backcountry are french press and cowboy coffee, filtered or unfiltered. There are also instant coffee options, but they aren’t the best tasting. There are give and takes for every method, taste, weight and size. You have to weigh what type of backpacking you are doing and compare it to what you value in your coffee.

GRINDING COFFEE
Every good cup of coffee starts with a fresh grind. Grinding coffee in the backcountry is a bit tricky, without electricity and trying to be as lightweight as possible, there are only a few options. REI only sells one, the GSI Outdoors Java Grind, which is what I use and love. I’ve heard of other people using the Hario Coffee Mill Slim Grinder too, but it is actually an ounce and a half heavier than the GSI model. Both are hand cranks and can store the beans inside.

COWBOY COFFEE

Cowboy coffee is traditionally thought of as crudely made coffee with a burnt flavor, but actually is connoisseur coffee, if made correctly. Cowboy coffee is simple and uses less coffee than french press or drip methods. It is made by heating coarse ground coffee and water in a pot, letting the grounds settle and pouring off the liquid to drink, sometimes filtering the grounds. I’ve seen people filter cowboy coffee all sorts of ways in the woods, bandanas, bug screens, cheesecloth and so on. I prefer this method:

STEP ONE: Bring water to a boil

STEP TWO: Take water off heat and let settle until not boiling

STEP THREE: Place one tablespoon coffee per two cups of water in the pot and stir gently with a small stick

STEP FOUR: Coffee grounds will sink after they become fully saturated (3-4 minutes)

STEP FIVE: Filter coffee grounds by pouring them through the MSR MugMate Coffee Filter

STEP SIX: Drink!

***Some people have little tricks they do to get stubborn grounds to settle, including: tapping the side of the pot, adding in a few drops of cold water (or snow), dropping in a few pebbles into the pot or just continue stirring with the small stick.

FRENCH PRESS

French Presses make a great cup of coffee! They don’t have the paper filter, like drip does, so the natural oils from the coffee aren’t stripped away while brewing. However, while backpacking, they do add a bit of extra weight. Some ultra-lightweight backpackers cut the handle of the press off and remove the bottom or sleeve it comes in to save some ounces. For obvious reasons, bringing glass (or Pyrex) into the backcountry is not a good idea. Make sure to have a Lexan french press that is 30 oz. or more if you plan on sharing or having two cups.The best backpacking french presses on the market today are:

GSI Outdoor’s Java Press – 30 oz. volume – 10.3 oz weight – $32.95

Jetboil Flash Java Kit – 30 oz. volume – 16.25 oz. weight – $99.95 (comes with stove)

There also is the Aerobie Aeropress which can make up to 20 oz. of coffee and weighs 16 oz. and costs $29.99. It’s similar to a french press, but is different since it uses a filter. Some people argue it makes the smoothest coffee a backpacker can make, but I still love my traditional french press.

INSTANT COFFEE

For most coffee connoisseurs, instant coffee is not even a thought when packing for an upcoming camping trip. However, they are ridiculously light weight and there are some pretty good tasting ones on the market these days. All major coffee brands have some form of instant coffee on the shelves: Folgers, Nescafe, Maxwell House, etc. However, in my book of instant coffee there are only two pages (cheesy, I know…): Starbucks Via and Java Juice. These two are just the best and don’t have that “instant-coffee” flavor no one is keen on. Both of these brews will run you a little over a dollar per packet, which makes it the most expensive option, but also the easiest and lightest.

HOW I MAKE BACKPACKING CAFE
I use the GSI Outdoors Java Press and Java Grind system. The whole system will cost you about $58 and weighs 21.5 ounces. The grinder fits nicely inside the french press, so you can grind directly into the press and is really easy to use. Sometimes the grinder will slip out from your hand while you are grinding, so you have to keep a good hold on it, but other than that I have no complaints. I spent 16 days in the backcountry a couple weeks ago and had great coffee to share with everyone, it was a great start to the day!

Emily Butterfield – founder of “The Christian Backpacker”, a travel blog centred on topics that really matter. Emily is one of those people who is always on an adventure. Currently leading a World Race team, for now Emily is content with being a nomad, a wandering Christian in search of truth, justice, love and Jesus. Check out: www.thechristianbackpacker.com

Siem Reap on a shoestring

When someone says Siem Reap you automatically think of Angkor Wat, but that’s not all you can see in this amazing place. There are plenty of cute cafes, Pub Street, night markets, the Cambodian circus, museums, floating villages, and so on. Compared to Phnom Penh it is much quieter, but in contrast there are many more westerners. If you love people watching (like me!), then this is a dream location for you. Siem Reap is one of the most culturally diverse cities I’ve ever been to. There are truly people from every corner of the Earth visiting this city. With lots of things to see and do, only some can be done on a shoestring budget. Here are my recommendations:

ANGKOR WAT

Angkor Wat is an iconic piece of Cambodia and a must-see. However, a pass into the ancient temple is currently $20/day (as of February 2016), which can seem pretty heartbreaking to a budget backpacker, but you can get a better deal if you purchase the multi-day passes. They offer a single day pass, 3-day ($40), and 7-day ($60) which must be used in consecutive days. Also, they put your picture on the pass, so you won’t be able to share one with your buddies. This is the main must-see in Cambodia and worth the chunk of change!

Angkor Wat is, inevitably, a tourist trap. If you’ve been to Phnom Penh you’d pay around $2 for some rice and vegetables, but here it’s around $6 and you’ll soon notice your budget fly out the window. I recommend bringing your own food (our bags weren’t checked), but beware of monkeys – they’ll steal your bags and they are fearless!

I recommend going early to see the sunrise at Angkor Wat. If you get there late, temples will be crawling with tourists. This is especially true of Ta Prohm, more commonly known as “The Tomb Raider Temple” – due to its use as a backdrop in that first Angelina Jolie movie. We arrived at Ta Prohm around noon to find it completely overrun with people and waiting in lines of crowds to walk through the ancient ruins. However, get excited for the hilariously awful Lara Croft imitations people will attempt in photos.

Be weary of “temple fatigue”. There are a lot of different sites to see that are fairly spread out, it’s a good idea to hire a tuk tuk driver. Otherwise, it’s a long trek and the risk of getting lost is incredibly high. Rule of thumb: the less of you, the less expensive it is; we paid $20/day for the four of us. Don’t get scared to haggle with or even walk away from drivers, there are plenty of other tuk tuk drivers that will provide you with a better deal… or not. Here’s a map of Angkor Wat with all of the main temples. I recommend seeing the sunrise at Angkor Wat, then heading to Ta Prohm before the tourists arrive, then backtracking to Angkor Thom. Also note that visiting hours are from 5:00AM – 6:00PM.

Siem Reap has two museums that are very much worth a visit. The Angkor National Museum is great, but the entrance price is $12. On the other end of the spectrum the Cambodia Landmine Museum is only $5 (as of February 2016)! A small museum that focuses on Cambodia’s little known struggle with these crippling devices, it is highly recommended. The touching life story of the founder of the museum is enough to justify the time to visit and the cost of admission. Also, it just so happens to be en route to the famously pink temple, Banteay Srey. The cost of admission to Banteay Srey is included in the ticket price for Angkor Wat and the Landmine Museum is free to Cambodian citizens and children under 10. Visiting hours are from 7:30AM – 5:30PM all days of the year, but Banteay Srey closes at 5:00PM.

EAT A DEEP-FRIED TARANTULA

Ok, I confess… my adventurous side has a limit. I’m up for most things and certainly not afraid to eat weird foods. I’ve had guinea pig, fried grasshoppers, jellyfish, and goat intestines, but tarantulas… nooo, thank you. I’ve heard they taste like ‘hairy soft-shelled crab’. Would you try one? You can find them at the night market, along with fried cockroaches, snake-on-a-stick, and the like. Price – $1!

GET A MASSAGE

If you’ve been walking around Angkor Wat all day or just ate a fried tarantula, you probably deserve a massage. Whole body massages will only cost you $6-$7 for an hour – how do you pass that up?! Thailand may be more famous for their massages, but I actually like the Cambodian style better. Some trendier massage parlors can run you $10-15, but walk another block and you will find one for only $6. A good trick is that if you go right when they open (10AM – 11AM) they aren’t as busy and will be more willing to barter down their price. You also have more bartering clout by going with a group! Beware of massage parlors that are used as fronts for human trafficking and prostitution. Some of these places can be very dark, so choose carefully.

L e m o n g r a s s G a r d e n S p a

PUB STREET and NIGHT MARKETS

Pub Street is a great place to find a bite to eat during the day, but it really comes alive at night. When the neon lights turn on, the tourists come out. You’ll see people from every corner of the Earth and hear every language you can recognize – it’s incredible! This is a great spot to sit and people watch.

During the day you can get a ‘fish massage’ at Pub Street! You essentially let fish chew on your feet (it’s as weird as it sounds). For $2 you can place your feet into a water tank filled with toothless Doctor Fish and have them clean off the dead skin of your feet. Although, make sure to find a nice-looking shop – not all operators change the water regularly, which can cause infection.

This is a great place to find little trinkets, Cambodian art work, grab a drink, and try some street food. Don’t be afraid to haggle with vendors to get a good price, but be polite and don’t disgrace artwork. In Thailand you were probably used to being marked up 3x the actual price, but they don’t mark up as much in Cambodia, offer reasonable counteroffers.

BEATOCELLO

Beatocello is a solo cello concert of Bach music by Swiss doctor Beat Richner. Don’t come expecting a full-on music concert, there’s more talking than cello playing. The performances are a way to raise funds for the five children’s hospitals that Dr Richner runs in Cambodia. That said, the performances are enjoyable and are an interesting way to learn about the reality of life in Cambodia while supporting a very good cause. Dr. Richner’s concerts raise $5 million for Cambodia’s children hospitals annually! Beatocello takes place every Saturday at 7:15PM at the Jayavarman VII Hospital. Entrance is free but donations are encouraged.

OTHER TIPS

Seeing an Apsara dancing show while in Cambodia is a must-do! Temple Bar features a free show in it’s restaurant every night at 7:30PM, alhough you are of course expected to order dinner or drinks from the reasonably priced menu. Arrive early to get good seats!

Children are not tourist attractions. Think twice before visiting an orphanage and be mindful of other peoples’ humanity when shoving cameras in their face. http://thinkchildsafe.org/

Likewise, don’t give money/food to beggar children or women asking for powdered milk for babies. I know this sounds cruel, but the reality is that if people stopped giving money to children, then children would stop being forced to beg for it on the street. This is often a scam and harmful for children.

Outside of Siem Reap lies a beautiful countryside and a lake, the lifeblood of the nation. A boat trip to Tonle Sap Lake is highly recommended. There are three main villages visited by tourists, including: Chong Khneas, Kompong Phluck, and Kompong Khleang.

You can also easily shop and eat at NGO run establishments that give back to the community such as Common Grounds Coffee, which is a Christian establishment that supports People for Care, or Beau Fou Boutique, which supports Global Child.

Adventures in Missions now has a World Race base in Siem Reap, The Overflow. It recently opened in January 2016 and is working on changing the name from the previous owner’s, Natural Angkor Villa. http://www.naturalangkorvilla.com/

Emily Butterfield – founder of “The Christian Backpacker”, a travel blog centred on topics that really matter. Emily is one of those people who is always on an adventure. Currently leading a World Race team, for now Emily is content with being a nomad, a wandering Christian in search of truth, justice, love and Jesus. Check out: www.thechristianbackpacker.com